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    Direct and Indirect Objects
    By Bob K

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    I'm assuming that they are learning about direct and indirect objects in a sequential mode as part of their foray into grammars If so, they already know about verb forms, and they can recognize that objects follow action verbs only.

    In teaching grammar, I teach my students to recognize some usage and parts of speech by the question(s) the word answers (e.g., an adverb answers the questions where, when, how, or to what extent). I teach these questions at the same time I teach the definitions; in fact, the questions become part of the definition.

    Thus, when teaching about D.O. and I.O.:

    Direct object of an action verb is a noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb or shows the result of the action. It answers the question "What?" or "Whom?" after an action verb.

    Indirect object of the verb is a noun or pronoun that precedes the DO and usually tells "to whom" or "for whom" (or "to what" or "for what") the action of the verb is done.

    What I have found to help is to constantly reinforce those definitions during our daily work. If a student is having difficulty identifyiing the part of speech of a word, the class repeats the definition, including the question element; it becomes a mantra over time, and the kids can repeat th4e definitions by rote without having had to memorize each one.

    With D.O. and I.O., I look for sentences that can be silly to use as examples.

    John threw Bob the ball.

    If a student indicates Bob as the D.O, we talk about how strong John must be, or whether Bob liked being thrown. Then we go back to questions; John threw what? To whom?

    Hope this helps.

    Bob K

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