Home : 2010 : Mar : 9
phonemic awareness is not the same as phonics. Phonics involves written sounds. I assess this as the kids are writing and I walk around to help them. Are they using first letter sounds? any vowels? A formal assessment would be dictation sentences, spelling assessments ( I personally don't do these in K but I did in first grade). PA is the oral part. Informally, I assess their ability to rhyme in shared reading by pausing and seeing who can find the rhyme, making lists of rhyming words as a whole group with me recording their thinking (or in a reading group). I can do the same with beginning sounds, ending sounds, clapping names, etc. We also have a formal assessment for PA (or you can find them online).
for comprehension, I informally assess as I ask questions after a read aloud or during reading group. I formally assess during benchmark running records (if they can answer questions after they read-again, I am writing for them).
for vocabulary, we do not have a formal assessment. I introduce vocab during read aloud (think about non-fiction, science vocab, social studies). Then you can observe who uses it correctly. I also do fact books with the kids (I type their facts and print them out for them to illustrate) and you can see if they are using the vocab correctly (or at all).
Hope this helps.
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