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    strategies
    By Tounces

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    Effective ESOL Strategies



    _____Make use of contextual clues (such as gestures, expressions,
    body language) to facilitate understanding.
    _____Use multiple media to provide different stimuli.
    _____Provide individualized instruction and assistance.
    _____Encourage peer tutoring, role-playing, and interaction.
    _____Use written and pictorial forms (maps, graphs, charts, pictures, audiovisual aids, lists, semantic maps and webs, flow charts, outlines, etc.) to teach.
    _____Adjust or shorten assignments appropriately.
    _____Provide hands-on experiences whenever possible.
    _____Use small group instruction and cooperative learning groups.
    _____Define content area language or terminology for students.
    _____Use alternative assessments, such as observation, demonstration, product or portfolio assessment.
    _____Reduce oral and written directions and information to# easy-to-understand steps or parts.
    _____Adapt written text and materials to facilitate comprehension.
    _____Modify your speech


    Speak clearly and enunciate carefully, using authentic natural speech


    Use shorter, less complex sentences for students in the earlier stages


    Use a slightly slower rate of speech, but be careful to maintain the natural rhythm and flow of the language.

    Use longer, but natural, pauses.

    Use fewer pronouns.

    _____Repeat, rephrase, and/or paraphrase key concepts and directions.
    _____Model and demonstrate procedures and thought processes.
    _____Build on what students already know and relate ideas in relevant, real-life ways, i.e. "..just like you did yesterday with..."
    _____Avoid using idioms or slang. Explain to them when they are used.

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